Vision DDU aspires to be one of the best Science and Technology Universities in Africa by research and community services by 2025. Mission Advancement of demand driven, multidisciplinary and quality research, innovation, adoption/adaption, and disseminate knowledge and technology to fulfill the needs of the community. I. DDU Research Priority Areas DDU is expected to contributing to the developmental needs of the country by supporting and conducting applied researches which are demand driven, problem-solving and helpful to the expansion of knowledge. Being cognizant of Article 15 of the Higher Education Proclamation 649/2009, the National Science and Technology Policy (ESTC, 1993), governing science and technology related endeavors in the country, and the prevailing realities in Dire Dawa Administration; the following research priority areas have been identified. However, these lists are not exhaustive, but they are pointers to the research priorities and research directions of the University. 1. In natural resource development and environmental protection, research needs to: Map out the countrys ecosystem/ecology to identify and document the diverse biological resources and to collect, store, protect and utilize the plant and animal genetic resources. Design and implement appropriate land use, practical and sustainable land conservation methods. Mechanisms to maintain the natural forest or, in general, control deforestation and ecological imbalance. Discover, popularize and develop fast growing, drought resistant and multi-purpose tree species so as to rehabilitate and develop degraded environments. Reduce and control air, water and soil pollution from agriculture and industrial chemicals. Strengthen technologies/methods that would help follow up changes in the environment and to forecast, prevent and minimize the effects of natural disasters. 2. In the area of industry, research should aim at: Strengthen linkages between industry and agriculture. Explore markets for basic goods, implements and equipment to promote small scale and rural industries. Develop techniques for the production of industrial raw material and other inputs. 3. In the areas of water resources development, research should aim at: Improve the quality, quantity, conservation and utilization of ground and surface water, Multi-purpose water resource development for an integrated provision of water resources for agriculture, energy transport and private use, Supply of reliable and clean water supply to urban and rural dwellers, Improve water resource identification, development and management, and Control of sedimentation, watershed management and use of rainwater. 4. In the area of energy, research should aim at: Ensure the supply of sustainable and reliable energy Research on the development and utilization of fast growing trees and strengthen bio-mass energy development. Utilize of water as a source of energy Supply and use petroleum, natural gas, coal and geothermal. Search and use alternative and renewable sources of energy. Ensure efficient and economical use of energy in all sectors. Develop equipment for generation and utilization of energy. Develop and utilize of energy technologies suitable to the rural population. 5. In the areas of construction, research should aim at: Produce, use and popularize appropriate and local specific construction materials, equipment and technology. Develop capacity for design, management, execution and follow-up in priority accord economic sectors such as water works, dams, and irrigation; transport and communications. Generate and develop of technologies for a labor intensive and speedy over-all development of the construction sector. Improve and promote wider application of traditional construction technologies. 6. In the areas of transport and communications, research should aim at: Utilization and repair of modern as well as alternative transport means. Production and application of simple telecommunication equipment. 7. In the area of mineral and hydrocarbon resources, research should aim at: Preparation, dissemination of simple techniques and strategies that promote the exploration, study and utilization of mineral resources, Study, explore and develop minerals, Explore, develop and manage hydrocarbon resources Seismology. 8. In the areas of health and population planning, research should aim at: Prevention and control of communicable and parasitic diseases, Improve and sustain maternal and child health, Identify causes and solutions of urban and rural community health problems, Food and nutrition studies, Traditional medicine and health related beliefs and attitudes, Environmental pollution and health problems, Clear water supply and environmental sanitation, Research on the prevention of newly emerging diseases, Health service systems, Effectiveness of family planning strategies, Public Health, Traditional Health Systems, HIV/AIDS, Nursing, Pharmacy, Psychology, Dentistry, Youth And Well-being. 9. Others may include: Transformation and Management: Governance, Labour, Human Rights, Communication; Information Management, Information and Computer Literacy, Technology; ICT, Biotechnology, Material Science, Applied Chemical Sciences Business; International Business, Economic Law Heritage; Ethiopian Studies, Museum And Heritage Studies, Cultural Studies Language; Multi-lingualism, Literary Studies, Communication And Society Education; Science And Mathematics Educations, Professional Educator Development, Education System Change II. Research and Projects A). Category of Research/Projects at DDU Depending on sources of funding, there are three categories of research/projects at DDU. Category A: Research/projects awarded by DDU to individual staff member(s) through open research calls and competitions. The source of fund of these projects can be the recurrent budget, internal revenue or institutional cooperation projects/programs. These research projects are encouraged not exceed one year in duration and should be totally societal problem solving. Category B: Research/projects sponsored by local funding organizations/agencies (regional or national) such as the Ethiopian Science and Technology Agency, Ministry of Education, Regional Governments etc. The grant agreement of these projects is based on the signature of the project writer, the funding agency and the University. Category C: Collaborative Research/Projects. These are projects supported by international funding organizations or governments, either through institutional collaboration, direct funding or individual grants. B. Completed and on-going research/project works III. Funding Sources and Schemes A) Funds for research/projects can be obtained from the following possible sources: 1. Government Budget The government has the budget lines coded, 6417, 6271, 6221, and 6223 that may be used for supporting research. Departments and School should request budget on these lines based on attractive proposals and with strong justifications. Such budgets may be used to cover costs of consumable materials, funds for senior projects/essay, postgraduate students and funds for organizing trainings, seminars and workshops. 2. Internal research fund 2.1 Research Fund at the University Level The research fund at the University can be raised from 50% of the overhead charges of all projects and from 25% of the consultancy fee accrued to the University and sale of teaching materials and textbooks, if any. In addition to this the University shall allocate research fund from other internal revenue. 2.2 Research fund at the School/College Level Research fund at the School shall be raised from 25% of the consultancy fee accrued to the University, 10% of its internal revenue and an amount allocated from the University research fund. 2.3 Research fund at the Department Level The research fund at the Department shall be raised from the 50% of the consultancy fee accrued to the University for the Services carried out by the Department staffs, 20% of its internal revenue and the amount allocated from the School research fund. 3. National or International Funding Agencies/NGOs Depending up on the nature and scope of the research project, the University shall look for funding from external or international sources. The University shall also encourage individual staff members to look for external and international funding opportunities. DDU shall make solicit to other funding opportunities or encourage and facilitate researchers to compete in local and national research grant calls, depending on the quality of their proposals. B) Research Funding Schemes 1. Grants for Academic and research Staffs DDU has identified thematic areas across disciplines. The research and community service core process will allocate 90% its research budget for these research thematic areas based on the proposal set criteria. Academic and Research staffs who successfully defended their proposals shall receive grants as per the financial rules of MoFED. 2. Grant for students Financial support for student-researchers is encouraged by the University. But the amount to be granted depends up on the condition and availability of fund. 2.1 Undergraduate students Research consumes resources which require setting priorities. As a public University, DDU relies on the annual recurrent budget from the MoFED. So far, there has not been tradition for funding undergraduate students for their senior essay projects. As the University has expanded tremendously, it has a viable infrastructure that can produce relevant research outputs. This potential needs to be harnessed with appropriation of relevant resources. Due to budget limitation, it is very difficult to allocate research budget for each senior undergraduate students. However, for those students who come up with an innovative and promising research project, the University may allocate reasonable amount of money. 2.2 Postgraduate Students One of the major missions of the University is to undertake research to solve the socioeconomic problems of the country. One way of doing this is, through encouraging postgraduate student researches and by providing the necessary facilities and resources. Accordingly, the University shall allocate research fund for MSc/MA and PhD students on competitive basis of their research proposals. This is applicable to those students who are sponsored by the Ethiopian government. IV. Linkages Ethiopian Human Rights Commission on Free Legal Aid Project.